Because of its large supply of carbon-free hydropower, Washington has potential to become an early model for a 100% clean-energy economy.

Like the rest of the country, it faces challenges in its buildings, industrial emissions, rural communities, agriculture, and urban growth. It is also home to many diverse communities with interests affected by climate policy, including Indigenous people with a strong presence at the state’s policy table. With a strong network of effective businesses, advocates, and policymakers working toward climate solutions, Washington can chart a way to a carbon-free future.


Michigan is a hub of manufacturing, giving it great potential to reduce emissions and create clean-energy models for similar states.

As the epicenter of the automotive industry, the state has a long history of influence on national energy policy and progress; today it is poised to lead the way toward clean-energy transportation. Michigan, which relies on very different energy sources than Washington, also has a broad diversity of communities who are engaged in policymaking, including a strong public interest in clean water and air. Its climate advocates—including rural communities and communities of color—show great promise, but its climate progress has been underattended by funders.

Technology Innovation

Ambitious federal policy is essential to unlocking the technologies that will power a rapid transition to a clean-energy economy.

By supporting policy work at the national level, SFF is helping to enable innovations and ensure they can be scaled up and commercially available by the time we need them.